by June Kang
On March 20, 2018, South Korea’s Ministry of Environment (MOE) announced the enactment of the Safety Control Act of Household Chemical Products and Biocidal Products (K-BPR). This Act is similar to the EU Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR) and the US (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act). K-BPR will enter into force on January 1, 2019.
Both household chemical products and biocidal products have been regulated under K-REACH; however, to improve their management, the MOE introduced separate legislation solely for these products. The main contents of the K-BPR are as follows:
Active Substances and Biocidal Products:
- Prior approval for active substances and biocidal products will be required.
- The manufacturer or importer must file the application for approval, which includes hazard and risk data. The MOE will approve the applications that demonstrate safe use.
- Active substances in use must be reported by December 31, 2018. A grace period will be granted for the existing active substances so industry can prepare for the approval system. Depending on the use, hazard and risk of the substance, up to 10 years may be allowed. The grace period for a biocidal product is 2 years after the active substance’s grace period ends. In the case of multiple active substances in a product, this is 2 years from the last grace period.
- Once approved for sale, a list of the product’s active substances, use, and risks of use must be on the package or surface of the product in a manner easily recognizable by consumers.
- Antiseptic and antimicrobial products (e.g. biocide treated products) must be used as approved.
Household Chemical Products:
- Risk-concerned products regulated under K-REACH will be transferred to K-BPR.
- The scope of the product use has been extended to include office and multiuse-facility.
- Manufacturers and importers of household chemical products subject to safety certification must be inspected every 3 years for safety standard confirmation, and the results must be notified to MOE.
- The use of false or misleading statements such as low-risk, non-toxic (non-poisonous), harmless, environmentally friendly or other misbranded commercial statements are not allowed to be included on the labels.
- Any side effect of the product must be immediately reported to MOE.
- Violation of the Safety and Labeling Standards will be punished and penalized with administrative sanction, including prohibition of manufacture and import and withdraw of the product in the market.
References (in Korean only):
- [MOE Press Release] Enactment of K-BPR and K-REACH amendments for the safe society from biocides and chemicals: [보도자료] 살생물제, 화학물질로부터 안전한 사회를 위한 살생물제관리법 제정 및 화평법 개정 공포
- The Safety Control Act of Household Chemical Products and Biocidal Products (K-BPR); 생활화학제품 및 살생물제의 안전관리에 관한 법률
Ministry of Environment (MOE)
Household Chemical Products