Article

China Released Draft Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals for Comment

Posted on: January 22, 2014

By Lily Hou, PhD., CHMM

On September 26th, 2013, the State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS) released a draft Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals for public comment.

The current Catalogue was published in 2002 under the Regulation on the Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals (Decree No. 344 of the State Council) and contains over 3700 entries in 7 hazard categories. With Decree No. 344 being replaced by Decree No. 591 as well as the implementation of GHS in China since 2011, the 2002 Catalogue has been long overdue for a revision (in accordance with the new definition of “hazardous chemicals” and GHS hazard classification criteria for chemicals). Decree No. 591 defines hazardous chemicals as highly toxic substances and other chemicals which are toxic, corrosive, explosive, flammable or combustion-supporting and can do harm to people, facilities or the environment.

Developed jointly by State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS) with nine other Chinese government agencies, the new catalogue contains 2936 entries that are classified as hazardous chemicals based on the 4th revised edition of UN GHS. Hazardous chemicals in the new Catalogue include pure chemicals as well as mixtures. The following less hazardous categories are not included in the new Catalogue:

  • Explosives: divisions 1.5 and 1.6
  • Aerosols: categories 2 and 3
  • Flammable liquid: category 4
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures: types F and G
  • Organic peroxides: type G
  • Acute toxicity: categories 4 and 5
  • Skin corrosion/irritation: category 3
  • Aspiration hazard: category 2
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment, short-term: category 3
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term: category 4

This Catalogue is considered a key element for the administration of hazardous chemicals in China since companies engaged in the production, import, sale and use of the listed hazardous chemicals must comply with several significant obligations, including:

  • Manufacturers, sellers, importers and users of hazardous chemicals shall apply for a license with the SAWS;
  • Manufacturers and importers of hazardous chemicals shall register with the National Registration Center for Chemicals under the SAWS;
  • Manufacturers and users of hazardous chemicals for certain production activities shall register with the Chemical Registration Center of the Ministry of Environmental Protection (CRC-MEP) for environmental management;
  • Importers and exporters of hazardous chemicals shall apply for the entryexit inspections at a China’s port-of-entry;
  • Suppliers of hazardous chemicals shall provide a label and a safety data sheet prepared in compliance with the China GHS standards: GB 15258-2009 “General Rules for Preparation of Chemical Safety Label” and GB/T 16483-2008 “SDS for Chemical Products – Content and Order of Sections”

The Catalogue contains only chemical identification information including Chinese names and CAS numbers. GHS hazard classification and labelling information are not provided. The public comment period ended on October 31, 2013.

References

Draft Catalogue of Hazardous Chemicals

http://www.chinasafety.gov.cn/newpage/Contents/Channel_5826/2013/0926/220588/content_220588.htm (in Chinese)

Regulations on the Safe Management of Hazardous Chemicals (Decree No. 591)

http://www.gov.cn/zwgk/2011-03/11/content_1822783.htm (in Chinese)

GB/T 16483-2008 “SDS for Chemical Products – Content and Order of Sections”

http://info.nrcc.com.cn/document/Doc/GB%20T16483%202008%20化学品安全技术说明书%20内容和项目顺序.pdf (in Chinese)

GB 15258-2009 “General Rules for Preparation of Chemical Safety Label”

http://www.miit.gov.cn/n11293472/n11293877/n14505342/n14506895/n14514379/n14514466.files/n14514465.pdf (in Chinese)


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